The Land of Fagaras
The Land of Fagaras (Tara Fagarasului) refers to the ethno-geographical region that is surrounded by the Fagaras Mountains and Olt Valley. Situated in the heart of Romania, north of the Carpathians, the area is important for its cultural and historical heritage, as well as for its pristine natural environment.
The Land of Fagaras is located in central Romania, on the foothills of Fagaras Mountains.
The first documentary evidence of the existence of Romanians in the Fagaras Land, dates from 1222.
Some linguists affirm that the name Fagaras is a derivation of the Romanian “fagar” which means “beech forest”, while others argue that is a diminutive of the Hungarian word for “partridge” (fogor).
The Feudal Castle – one of the most interesting historical monument in the Land of Fagaras, is the Fagaras Castle, one of the largest in the country and in Europe. The fortification was built at the end of the 14th century on the place of an old wooden fortress, and was restored several times over the years until the 18th century. The castle was the residence of the princes of Transylvania and their families. Nowadays, a history museum functions within the walls of the castle.
The Transfagarasan Road – built in the communist period for military purposes to connect Wallachia to Transylvania, the road’s highest point is nearby Balea Lake, at 2034m. A trip on this road will offer you some of the most beautiful and dramatic landscapes of Romania.
The Brancoveanu Monastery – erected in the 17th century, in the Romanian “brancovenesc” architectural style, this monastery was demolished by the Habsburgs in the 18th century. In 1926, the monastery was restored by the bishop Nicolae Balan, who is considered the second founder of the church.
The Romanian Alps – the tallest and largest mountains in Romania, the Fagaras Mountains were named by the French explorer Emanuel de Martonne the “Romanian Alps”, for their resemblance with the French Alps. The highest peak in the ridge (and the highest in Romania) is Moldoveanu at 2544 m, followed by Negoiu 2535m. The slopes are ideal for winter sports lovers, and the area is perfect for hiking enthusiasts.
Day trip around the town of Fagaras – visit the Saxon settlements to witness the German inheritance, than pay a visit to the monastery carved in stone from Sinca Veche, to immerse yourself in mystery and spirituality.
While in the area, consider a visit to the village of Sambata de Sus, where the famous breed of Lipizzan horses have been raised for more than four centuries.
In the area
The Temple of Fate – a place of worship carved in stone, the so-called Temple of Fate from the village of Sinca Veche is believed to have been built more than 7000 years ago, by the same civilization that built the White Temple from the Snakes Island in the Black Sea.
How to get there: You can easily reach the city of Fagaras by train, bus and car. A bus from Brasov to Sibiu passes through the city every hour. From the town, it’s easy to explore the entire region.